word has its origin in Latin.
Sapo / Sapon means soap
in Latin. Saponification is the process of
through the hydrolysis
(fats and oils) using akali (such as sodium hydroxide solution).
Saponification can be represented as such
fats (oils) -----> fatty acid + glycerol (hydrolysis
with alkali as a catalyst)
fatty acid + sodium hydroxide ---> salt of a fatty acid (soap) +