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Analgesics

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Origin of the word:  an- and algesis

Greek
Meaning
prefix 'an ' 'no/without/ lack of'
word 'algesis' the sense of pain

Therefore, the word analgesic describes something which takes away pain or which brings about the lack of pain.

Today, analgesic is a term widely used for the
modern medicines (drugs) that function to relieve pain; without causing numbness and affecting consciousness.

In layman's term, analgesics are painkillers.

   
Types of analgesics:

Name Treatment Side effects(s)
aspirin headache and fever stomach ulcer
codeine cough causes addiction
paracetamol

musculo-skeletal pain, reduces temperature, has anti-

inflammatory action

severe liver and kidney damage

Note: Side effects occur when the medicine is taken excessively.

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Analgesia
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Asal usul:
Perkataan Yunani yang bermaksud tanpa kesakitan.

A
nalgesia merupakan ubat moden yang melegakan kesakitan - tanpa menyebabkan pesakit menjadi kebas atau memberi kesan kepada kesedarannya.

Jenis-jenis analgesia

Nama

Rawatan

Kesan sampingan

aspirin

sakit kepala dan demam

ulser perut

codeine

batuk

menyebab-

kan ketagihan

paracetamol 

sakit otot dan tulang, mengurang-

kan suhu badan, mengatasi radang

 kerosakan hati dan buah pinggang


Kesan-kesan sampingan berlaku apabila ubat ini dimakan berlebihan.

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