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Alkanes (Carbon Compounds)
   
Alkanes are carbon compounds. They are also

✋   hydrocarbons - compounds which contain only the elements of
carbon and hydrogen.
 ✌    saturated hydrocarbons - they consist only of single bonds and are filled to the capacity with hydrogen atoms.
✊   of the homologous series that share the same general formula CnH2n+2.

Examples of alkanes are

   
Number of carbon atoms, n Formula Name
1 CH4 methane
2 C2H6 ethane
3 C3H8 propane
4 C4H10 butane
5 C5H12 pentane
6 C6H14 hexane
7 C7H16 heptane
8 C8H18 octane
9 C9H20 nonane
10 C10H22 decane

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Alkana (Sebatian Karbon)

               
Alkana merupakan sebatian karbon. Alkana juga adalah

✋   hidrokarbon - sebatian yang mengandungi hanya unsur-unsur karbon dan hidrogen.
 ✌    hidrokarbon tepu - mengandungi hanya ikatan tunggal dan dipenuhi dengan atom hidrogen.
   siri homolog yang mempunyai formula am CnH2n+2.

Bilangan atom karbon, n Formula Nama
1 CH4 metana
2 C2H6 etana
3 C3H8 propana
4 C4H10 butana
5 C5H12 pentana
6 C6H14 heksana
7 C7H16 heptana
8 C8H18 oktana
9 C9H20 nonana
10 C10H22 dekana

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