technique is used in problem solving and also in planning. It is
also useful in writing and in reading (for more effective
comprehension). For example, one can employ (use) the fishbone
diagram to help one plan for self-study. It involves the 4Ms and 1
E as illustrated below.
This would include the ways one would use to self study. For
example, would the student study independently, at home, in a
designated place, with or without the help of a tutor /
Who would be helping the student in the course? Parents, friends,
What would the student use to aid his / her study? Personal
computer, tablet, smart phone (or a combination of all three)?
What books, notes, exercises and assessments would the student
What would be the most conducive place or places for the student
to carry out the self-study course?