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Support Structures, Plants

Land plants can be divided into plants with woody stems and plants with soft stems (non-woody plants).
  
Woody plants are supported by woody tissues. These tissues are arranged closely together are densely packed. In addition they can also be supported by the following
.

stilt roots mangrove trees, banyan trees, 
buttress roots casuarina trees, flame of the forest, meranti trees, durian trees, angsana trees

Special support for non-woody (soft stem) plants include the following

special support
Examples
thorns roses,
bougainvillea
tendrils gourd plants, long beans, morning glory, cucumber
prop roots maize, pandan plant
clasping roots money plants, pepper plants, orchids

Aquatic plants such as

o   elodea,
o   hydrilla,
o   lotus plant and
o   water hyacinth

use the help of water buoyancy for support.
 
Other types of plants, such as yam plant, use the turgidity of their cells to keep them upright.
s yam plant, use the turgidity of their cells to keep them upright.
  

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Sistem Sokongan, Tumbuhan

Tumbuhan darat boleh dibahagikan kepada tumbuhan berkayu dan tumbuhan tidak berkayu.
  
Tumbuhan berkayu disokong oleh tisu-tisu berkayu. Tisu-tisu ini disusun padat dan rapat. Selain daripada itu, tumbuhan-tumbuhan tidak berkayu disokong oleh


Akar jangkang pokok baku , pokok ara jejawi
akar banir pokok kasuarina, pokok semarak api, pokok meranti, pokok durian, pokok angsana

Struktur sokongan khas pada tumbuhan tidak berkayu termasuk

struktur sokongan khas
Contoh
duri bunga mawar,
bunga kertas
sulur paut pokok labu, pokok kacang pis, timun
akar sokong
pokok pandan, pokok jagung
akar cengkam/
akar dakap
pokok duit-duit, pokok lada, orkid

Pokok akuatik seperti

o   elodea,
o   hydrilla,
o   bunga teratai dan
o   eceng gondok (water hyacinth)

menggunakan bantuan pengapungan air untuk sokongan.
  
Jenis-jenis tumbuhan lain seperti pokok keladi menggunakan pengembungan sel untuk menegakkan batangnya.


    

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