+ suidaizhishi
五千年的历史在线
Timeline - Chinese History
(Please note that this is a Work-In-Progress Non-Commercial Project.)

Try Ctrl-F to search for a name, year or phrase on this page.
Click on the Dynasty names to jump to the respective timelines.



Xia 夏朝 xi cho






Shang 商朝 shāng cho






Zhou 周朝 zhōu cho






Eastern Zhou 东周 dōng zhōu






Spring and Autumn Period 春秋时代 chūn qiū sh di






Warring States Period 战国 zhn gu















Qin 秦代 qn di






Han 汉代 hn di






Xin 新朝 xīn cho






Late Han 后汉 hu hn






Three Kingdoms 三国sān gu






Western Jin 西晋 xī jn






Eastern Jin 东晋 dōng jn






Sui 隋 su






Tang 唐代 tng di






Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms 五代十国 wǔ di sh gu






Song 宋代 sng di






Yuan 元朝 yun cho






Ming 明代 mng di






Qing 清朝 qīng cho






People's Republic of China 中华人民共和国 zhōng hu rn mn gng h gu




















Elsewhere in The World

.. But before that, during the pre-Dynastic Age, there was the







Paleolithic Age 旧石器时代 ji sh q sh di














1.7 Million
Years Ago

Yuanmou man
元谋人 yun mu rn
first Homo erectus ever found
within boundaries of China

fossil remains were found in Yuanmou County
in Yunnan 云南 yn nn










800,000
Years Ago -
1 Million
Years Ago

Yunxian Man
 
 
 
late Homo erectus - can
make simple tools and
hunt
 

Yunxian County - excavated in Xue Tang Liang Zi
in the Quyuan River estuary in Yun County,
Hubei Province 湖北省 h běi shěng
 










700,000
Years Ago
 








600,000
Years Ago
 

Peking Man
 
 
北京猿 人 běi jīng yun rn
 
 

Homo erectus pekinensis
discovered (1921) in Zhoukoudian 周口店 zhōu kǒu din
near Fangshan district 房山区 fng shān qū of Beijing


200,000
Years Ago















20,000
Years Ago
 
 
 
 

Evidence of pottery 陶器  to q in
Dayuan Town, Wannian County,
Shangrao City, Jiangxi Province
江西省上饶市万年县大源镇
Jiāng xī shěng shng ro sh wn nin xin
d yun zhn













14,000
Years Ago





(archaeological evidence)
human occupation of Rome









11,000
Years Ago

scroll to the right to see what happened
to the rest of the world



Star Carr - Mesolithic Site in Britain
 









10,000
Years Ago

The End of the
Paleolithic Age 旧石器时代 ji shq shdi



Evidence of cooking with pottery in Middle East
 










 








9,000-10,000
Years Ago
 

...  the start of the
Neolithic Age
新石器时代 xīn sh q sh di








 













Year
Main Event(s) Notes 1 Key People
Notes 2 Elsewhere in The World

     

 


(8000
Years Ago)



Domestication of pigs
 












6500 -
5500 BCE

Houli Culture
后李文化 hu lǐ wn hu


Linzi District 临淄区  ln zī qū
in Shandong 山东省 shān dōng shěng










5300 -
4100 BCE

Beixin Culture
北辛文化 běi xīn wn hu


Shandong 山东省 shān dōng shěng
 










5500-
3300 BCE
7000 y.a.

Hemudu neolithic culture
河姆渡文化 h mǔ d wn hu
 


near Ningbo in Zhejiang
浙江省宁波市 zh jiāng shěng nng bō sh
 










5000-
3000 BCE
7000 y.a.

Yangshao (neolithic) Culture
仰韶文化 yǎng sho wn hu
 
red and black pottery
 
 

Loess Plateau, Banpo
See also Banpo Museum 半坡 bn pō, in Xian 西安 xī'ān











5000-
3000 BCE

Majiabang Culture
马家浜文化 mǎ jiā bāng wn hu


Zhejiang 浙江省zh jiāng shěng
 










4100 -
2600 BCE

Dawenkou Culture
大汶口文化 d wn kǒu wn hu


North China
 










3800-
3300 BCE

Songze Culture
崧泽文化 sōng z wn hu


Eastern China
 










3400-
2250 BCE
 

Liangzhu 良渚 ling zhǔ
neolithic culture of
Changjiang 长江 chng jiāng delta


Zhejiang 浙江省zh jiāng shěng
 

2580-2560 BCE - period when the Khufu Pyramid is believed to have been built.

 









3300 -
2500 BCE

Majiayao culture
马家窑文化 mǎ jiā yo wn hu


Upper Yellow River 黄河 hung h Valley
 










3000 BCE
 

The Start of the Bronze Age
青铜时代 qīng tng sh di













2750 BCE
Pieces of silk created












2500 BCE
 

scroll to the right to see what happened
in other parts of the world



Stonehenge set in place
(late Neolithic)









2500 -
1700 BCE
 

Longshan Culture
龙山文化 lng shān wn hu
 


Yellow River 黄河 hung h Valley
- regarded as
Cradle of Chinese Civilisation





Potter's wheel; Farming




2200 -
1600 BCE

Qijia Culture
齐家文化 q jiā wn hu


upper 黄河Yellow River Valley - region: eastern 青海Qinghai
and 兰州Lanzhou; one of the earliest bronze cultures










c. 1900BCE


Earthquake and major flood - Northwestern
China - 黄河Huanghe Yellow River region





c. 1900 BCE
 
 


Remains of villagers in the 喇家Lajia
Settlement were radiocarbon-dated to
this period

Noodles discovered
喇家文化 Lajia culture is linked
to the
齐 家文化Qijia Culture
Location: 民和县Minhe County, 海东市Haidong Prefecture City
青海Qinghai province
 










1900 -
1500 BCE

Erlitou Culture
二里头文化 r lǐ tou wn hu


Western Henan  河南 h nn









1900 -
1500 BCE

Yueshi Culture
岳石文化 yu sh wn hu


Shandong 山东省 shān dōng shěng
 










1510 -
1460 BCE

Erligang Culture
二里岗文化 r lǐ gǎng wn hu


North China Plain
 










1500-
1000 BCE

Xindian Culture
辛店文化 xīn din wn hu


Bronze Age 青铜时代 qīng tng sh di culture in
Gansu 甘肃 gān s and Qinghai 青海 qīng hǎi province










Year Dynasty Main Event(s)
Key
Achievements
Key
People
Notes Elsewhere in the World
BCE 2500
 
  Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors
三皇 sān hung    五帝 wǔ d
 

  This Section before the Xia Dynasty
 is Mainly Legendary
============================
2580-2560 BCE - period when the Khufu Pyramid is believed to have been built.


 


 

        
三 皇The Three Noble Kings
 
 

   
 
燧人su rn
Inventor of Fire (legendary)
 

   

伏羲f xī
Founder of Chinese
governance



   



神农shn nng
agriculture and
herbal medicine
 

   
 


 

       
Five Emperors
五 帝 wǔ d

 

2697-
2597

 
      Yellow Emperor 黄帝 hung d



 
buried in the Mausoleum of Yellow Emperor
Huangling county  黄陵 hung lng
in Yan'an 延安 yn ān,
Shaanxi 陕西 shǎn xī


 2513
-2435
      Zhuan Xu 颛顼 zhuān xū
 
 





Di Ku or Emperor Ku 帝喾 d k

great-grandson of Yellow Emperor 黄帝 hung d



2342
(2200)



Emperor Yao (4th Emperor)
Tang Yao 唐尧 tng yo
second son of Di Ku 帝喾 d k











2256




Traditional first date for the
通书 tōng shū  almanac



According to the 书经 shū jīng (The Book of History),
the 通书 tōng shū (Ancient Almanac) has been in publication
since 2256




 





2256




Emperor Shun (5th Emperor)
虞舜 y shn
legendary emperor of great wisdom












         


         

2207          

~ 4200 y.a.          

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






Start of the Dynasties














Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World

2070 Xia
 


Start of Xia Dynasty 夏朝 xi cho


late neolithic cultures


horse herding
carriages



Erhlitou Culture
二里头文化 r lǐ tou wn hu
in Yanshi county  偃师 yǎn shī in Luoyang 洛阳
debate if this was the site of the 夏朝Xia Dynasty

  二里头文化 r lǐ tou wn hu ==>
夏朝Xia Dynasty




first dynasty to be recorded,
along the banks / valley of the Yellow River
黄河 hung h
/ Huanghe River Basin
黄河流域


Family or clan control started during this dynasty - a transition
from the "primitive" society. Introduction of slave system.
Aspects of social life still retained traces of primitive society.
 





* wine making
* ancient three-legged
bronze wine vessel
/ wine goblet 斝 jiǎ

These drinking vessels 酒器 prevailed through the 商Shang and
西周Western Zhou periods












4200 y.a.



 

17 Kings
 
 
14 Generations



Capital: Dengfeng 登封 dēng fēng
Today Dengfeng 登封 dēng fēng is under the jurisdiction of
Zhengzhou 郑州市 zhng zhōu sh (the capital of Henan province
河南省 h nn shěng


   

   

     
 


2100
 

has been recorded that Da Yu 大禹 used
chopsticks to eat his food 


大禹 Da Yu was revered as to have controlled/stopped floods
r
due to rising river waters 大禹治










2000
Noodles were made




     
   

2000
 

scroll to the right to see what happened
in other parts of the world



The beginning of Judaism
 









1642 -
1540

scroll to the right to see what happened
in other parts of the world



Minoan / Santorini Eruption(1628 BCE)






























King Jie 桀 (a tyrant and oppressor) was the 17th and last Xia ruler

1600          

Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World

c.1600

 



Shang


Start of Shang Dynasty 商朝 shāng cho
Some historians place that start date at
about 1553BCE




 
turtle shells with markings
oracle bone writing
oracle bones 甲骨文jiǎ gǔ wn

Shang Tang 商汤 shāng tāng
overthrew the 夏Xia Dynasty and
and established the 商
Shang
Dynasty

 

 
Capital: Bo (Shangqiu 商丘 shāng qiū in Henan 河南 h nn )
and Yin 殷 (Anyang 安阳 ān yng in Henan 河南 h nn)
 
The Shang Dynasty 商代 is said to have marked the middle of
China's Bronze Age
oracle-bone writing 殷契 yīn q
 


1587

Death of 商汤Shang Tang

Founder of the 商Shang Dynasty











1576
 

planetary alignment which is said to mark
the rise of the 商Shang Dynasty







 
 


    civilization based on
agriculture,
hunting
animal husbandry
bronze work
青铜 qīng tng

 
   

         jade 玉 y    

      chariots, yoke saddle
ancient three-legged round
(occasionally four-legged
and rectangular)
cauldron with
two ear-shaped handles
   

     

 

     
   

1500   please scroll to the right to see what
happened in other parts of the world

 
The beginning of Hinduism
 

           






n 1401 - 1353 Reign of Amenhotep III

 

   
1350 BCE - first recorded smallpox epidemic



please scroll to the right to see what
happened in other parts of the world



1300 BCE- End of Indus Valley Civilization


mid 1300
- 1200
 
 


writing first appeared
toward the end of the
Shang Dynasty
商朝 shāng cho

oracle bones 甲骨文jiǎ gǔ wn
 
 










c 1300
(or 1290)
 








Yin

yīn




Birth of 盘庚Pan Geng









 
19th legendary King of
商Shang










Reputed for moving the Shang capital to 殷Yin

Previous capital: 西亳Bo
(
商丘Shangqiu shāng qiū in 河 南Henan )
to
Yin (安阳Anyang  in Henan 河南)
today:
Yin (Shang) Ruins  殷墟 yīn xū
Period starting from Pan Geng 般庚 bān gēng
is sometimes known as the
Yin yīn Dynasty -
the Golden Age of 商Shang Dynasty











1250


Start of the reign of King Wu Ding
武丁 wǔ dīng

 
 











       



c. 1200
 
 


Death of 妇好Fu Hao
 
 


妇好Fu Hao, consort of King 武丁
Wu Ding - 妇Fu means Lady, Hao
was her name, female Chinese
general late Shang Dynasty 商朝
Legend has it that 妇好Fu Hao was a warrior and general and
captivated the attention of 武丁King Wu Ding
 
 


1192
 

Death and end of the reign of King Wu Ding
武丁 wǔ dīng













1157
 

please scroll to the right to see what
happened in other parts of the world




Death of Pharaoh Ramesses V of Egypt earliest physical evidence of smallpox
on mummified body (some historians recorded the year as 1145BCE)









1152
 

Birth of King Wen of Zhou周文王 's reign
 

Founder and 1st King of the
周Zhou Dynasty
father of 周武王 zhōu wǔ wng
 










1105
Birth of Emperor Di Xin 帝辛 d xīn












1075
 

Start of the reign of King Zhou of Shang
紂王 zhu wng /
Di Xin 帝辛 d xīn

Emperor Di Xin 帝辛 d xīn
last ruler - tyrant



























1046
 
 

Death of King Zhou of Shang
紂王 zhu wng / Di Xin 帝辛 d xīn
Zhou Dynasty claims Mandate of Heaven














1046
 

End of Shang Dynasty 商朝 shāng cho
 -1027BC
 
  Legend: Jizi


refused to surrender - founded one of the earliest Korean states
 



3116 y.a.
 



     

Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World



















Period of transition from 商Shang to 周Zhou









 









1099
 

Start of King Wen of Zhou周文王 's reign
 


Capital: Haojing 镐京 ho jīng
(near Xi'an and Fenjing)










(1066)
 

Some websites state this as the start of
the Zhou周 Dynasty













1059
 

Zhou seers witnessed a 5-planet
conjunction in the northwestern sky


Such alignment with planets on either side of the sun
occurs about once every 516 years.










1056
 

Death and End of King Wen of Zhou
周文王's reign


1st King of the 周Zhou - also
recognized as 1st King

 










1046
 
 
 
 
 

Zhou

Battle of Muye
牧野之战 m yě zhī zhn
Shang dominance over Wei River
and Yellow River ended
 

 
Mandate of Heaven 天命 tiān mng
doctrine used to rule
the dynasty
周武王 zhōu wǔ wng (aka the
Martial King) is regarded
as the first King of Western Zhou
Dynasty (birth date not det. said
to be 1103BCE)
START OF 西周Western Zhou
one of the longest dynasties in China
(ca 1122 BC -> 221 BC)

 
Ji family in control of this dynasty -
39 family members ruled during this period



1046
 
 
 

Start of the reign of 周武王Zhou Wu
(personal name: Ji Fa 姬发 jī fā) 's reign
 
 

Zhou Wu 周武王 :
* brother of
周 公 Zhou Gong
(Duke of Zhou)
* Father of
周 成王King Cheng/
姬诵Ji Song
It has been suggested that 周武王King Zhou Wu
invented the 象棋Xiangqi Chinese Chess when he
coached his army in military strategy in overthrowing
the 商Shang Dynasty
 


















1043
 

Death and the end of reign of 周武王
King
Zhou Wu


周武王 Zhou Wu is also known as
the Martial King



    feudalistic system
lesser lords owing allegiance to
greater lords

 


天命 tiān mng -  political theory asserted that Heaven,
tiān was primarily interested in the affairs of man
The Emperor must rule fairly and justly.
Heaven will remove the mandate from the ruler


   













      customs, laws and
institutions
 
  The concepts of the 天命 tiān mng and 命 mng
(physical order of the universe)
combined make the Dao 道 do  (Way of Heaven)










1042



 

Start of the reign of 周成王King Cheng/
姬诵Ji Song



Since 周成王King Cheng
was very young, he was
helped by 周公Zhou Gong
(Duke of Zhou)

周公 Zhou Gong (Duke of Zhou)
established 2 capitals:
- 宗周Zongzhou(鎬京Haojing)
in the West
- 成周Chengzhou in the East
It's been recorded that 孔子Kongzi(Confucius) 551BCE had
deep respect for 周公Duke of Zhou and often dreamt of him.
(Today many Chinese still use the phrase: I'm going to 与周公下棋
play chess
周 公Duke of Zhou with to mean "I am going to sleep.")
 










1021


End of reign of 周成王King Cheng/
姬诵Ji Song





   

 


1000
 

scroll to the right to see what happened
to the rest of the world



Must Farm 1000 - 800 BCE (Britain's Pompeii)
Bronze Age









795
Birth of King You 周幽王 zhōu yōu wng




















781
 
 

Start of the reign of the 12th King of the
Zhou 周 zhōu Dynasty
 

the 12th King of the
Zhou 周 zhōu Dynasty -
King You 周幽王 zhōu yōu wng











780
 
 
 
 

Earthquake hit Guanzhong
关中 guān zhōng
 
 
 


Guanzhong 关中 guān zhōng
the lower valley of the Wei River 渭河 wi h
(Modern day Shaanxi 陕西 shǎn xī)
The earthquake was seen as an omen for the end of the
Western Zhou 西周 xī zhōu


       



771

 
W Zhou
西周
xī zhōu
 
Expulsion of Zhou from the
Wei River 渭河 wi h Valley

End of Western Zhou 西周 xī zhōu
  The death and the end of the reign
of the 12th King of the
Zhou 周 zhōu Dynasty
King You 周幽王 zhōu yōu wng
 









Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes
Elsewhere in The World

770

 


 
 
Eastern
 Zhou


dōng zhōu
Start of Eastern Zhou 东周 dōng zhōu
 






 
    Capital: Luoyang 洛阳 lu yng
 (in Henan 河南 h nn) in the East
 





 


2775 y.a.   decline of feudal aristocracy from bronze to iron  


      use of money    









    Age of Philosophy
The Hundred Schools of Thought
诸子百家 zhū zǐ bǎi jiā
 
 

 
various schools of
philosophers/thinkers
during
late Zhou 周 zhōu
Spring and Autumn
Warring States Period
春秋战国时代
chūn qiū zhn gu sh di
   770 BCE - 220 BCE
 























Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes
Elsewhere in The World

722







 



Eastern Zhou (770-221 BC)
东周 dōng zhōu

Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC)
春秋时代 chūn qiū sh di

Warring States (475-221 BC)
战国时代 zhn gu sh di

春秋战国时代
chūn qiū zhn gu sh di
   Five dukes









 
feudal states fought against each other









  








Birth of Thales of Ionia - Father of geometry 几何学 jǐ h xu










 
 
  Birth and Death of   老 子Lao Zi
 
道 德经Dao de Jing


Founder of Daoism 道教 do jio
- advocated a life of simplicity and harmony with Nature


     
 


 
   
 
Thales of Ionia - Father of geometry 几何学 jǐ h xu

         


551

 


 


 
   Birth of 孔子Kong Zi
 







 
Confucianism - ethical and
philosophical system






 
 

 



 


 
- advocated that people should treat each other with mutual respect
Knowing others is wisdom; Knowing the self is enlightenment.

Five Classics 五经 wǔ jīng
1) Book of Odes / Songs / Poetry 诗经 shī jīng
2) Book of History 书经 shū jīng
3) Book of Changes I Ching 易经 y jīng
4) Book / Classic of Rites 礼记 lǐ j
5) Spring and Autumn Annals 春秋志 chūn qiū zh










550-
540

Birth of 孙子Sunzi
 

孙子 Sunzi born in State of
Qi but moved to State of Wu
孙子兵 法Sunzi's Art of War
 
Aesop - Greek story teller














 


   


The Analects 论语 ln yǔ




   



         


         


         


         




 
 


522
 

Birth of 冉求Ran Qiu
 

Famous scholar and disciple of
孔子Kongzi (Confucius)
He was also a military commander and statesman
 


522


Scroll to the right to see what happened
in other parts of the world



Start of the reign of Darius I or Darius the Great
the Persian King









505



Birth of Zeng Zi 曾子 zēng zǐ
 
 

Zeng Zi 曾子 zēng zǐ

 

Philosopher and student of Kong Zi 孔子 kǒng zǐ
presumed author of a large portion of Great Learning 大学 d xu
and important compiler of the Analects 论语 ln yǔ










500
 
 
 
 
 

Death of Yanzi / Yanying 晏婴 yn yīng 

 
 
 
 

Yanying 晏婴 yn yīng
- thinker, politician and statesman
of Qi State 齐国 q gu
-  protagonist of the book 晏子春秋
"The Spring and Autumn Annals of
Master Yan"
Qi State (of Western Zhou 西周) existed during the Warring States
(战国) - centered in today's Shandong 山东.
 
 
 
 


















494
 

War between State of Wu 吴 w and
the State of Yue 越 yu













490
 

 
 

孔子 Kongzi/Confucius traveled from 蔡Cai
to 叶(Ye)邑 to discuss with 叶公Ye Gong/
the Duke of Ye about politics and moral
issues of integrity


蔡Cai was a vassal state during the 春秋战国时期Spring & Autumn
and the Warring States period
 
  


490


Scroll to the right to see what happened
in other parts of the world




Battle of Marathon - Persian invasion of Greece
Victory: Greek/Athenian army: 10,000 defeated the army of King Darius









481/
475

  End of Spring and Autumn Period
春秋时代 chūn qiū sh di
    481BCE - according to Spring and Autumn Annals
475BCE - generally accepted date










479
 

State of Chen 陳国  chn gu annexed
by State of Chu 楚国 chǔ gu





479
Death of Kong Zi 孔子 kǒng zǐ












476
 

Start of the reign of 姬仁Ji Ren/周元王
King Yuan of Zhou






















Sword of Gou Jian
越王勾践剑践
yu wng gōu jin jin
春秋五 霸
chūn qiū wǔ b
the Five Hegemons
of the Spring and Autumn period

Duke Huan of Qi
齐桓公 (q hun gōng)

Duke Wen of Jin
晋文公 (jn wn gōng)

King Zhuang of Chu
楚庄王 (chǔ zhuāng wng)

Duke Xiang of Song
宋襄公 (sng xiāng gōng)

Duke Mu of Qin
秦穆公 (qn m gōng)

King Helu of Wu
吴王阖闾 (w wng h lǘ)

King Gou Jian of Yue
越王勾践 (yu wng gōu jin)



------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World

475
 
 
 
 
 
 

zhn gu
 
Start of Warring States Period
战国 zhn gu
 
 
 

 
  Seven overlords
 
 
  
 


 

474
 

Shu emissaries present gifts to Qin court
first recorded contact between Shu and
Qin





















469


End of the the reign of 姬仁Ji Ren/
周元王King Yuan of Zhou













468
 


 

Birth of Mo Zi 墨子m zǐ




Mohism School founded
 
Mo Zi 墨 子m zǐ condemned wars and called for
"Love for all" (advised people to consider their obligations to all
fellow humans)



 
     

450

Fall of 缯国 the Kingdom (State) of Zeng


The state of destroyed by the 越国Kingdom of Yue


450


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Hippocrates (the western world's first physician)
proposed that emotions originate from the brain


447


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Start of the building of the Parthenon in Athens
 









438


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The contruction of Parthenon completed
 









436

Death of Zeng Zi 曾子 zēng zǐ












433
 
 

The chime bells Bianzhong 编钟
of Marquis Yi of Zeng 曾侯乙编钟
were made


See Year 1978 when it was unearthed
 
 







 

395
 

Birth of 杨朱Yang Zhu
 

philosopher early 战国Warring
States period











390
 

Birth of Shang Yang 商鞅 shāng yāng
 

Shang Yang 商鞅
 
Legalist,scholar, philosopher, politician
statesman and reformer - State of Qin 秦










387
 

Shu and Qin troops battle near
Hanzhong on upper Han River













381
 

Birth of Duke Xiao of Qin 秦孝公
Qin Xiaogong













376
Death of Mo Zi 墨子m zǐ  













  
 




372
 

Birth of Meng Zi 孟子 mng zǐ


Meng Zi 孟子 mng zǐ
 
scholar of Confucianism
"love one's family; love the people; love all living things in the world"










369
Birth of Zhuang Zi 庄子 zhuāng zi
Zhuang Zi 庄子 zhuāng zi important interpreter of Daoism 道教 do jio









362
 

Start of the reign of the Duke Xiao of Qin
秦孝公 Qin Xiaogong













359
 
 


Duke Xiao of Qin 秦孝公 Qin Xiaogong
convened a court meeting on reforms in
which
Shang Yang 商鞅 attended


Legalist,scholar, philosopher,
politician, statesman and reformer
- State of Qin 秦











356
 

(356-338) Centralising of Qin
under Shang Yang 商鞅 shāng yāng





356
 

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Birth of Alexander the Great 亚历山大大帝 y l shān d d d
 









340
 
 

Birth of Qu Yuan 屈原 qū yun 
 
 

Qu Yuan 屈原 qū yun -
statesman and poet of the
Kingdom of Chu 楚国 chǔ gu
composer of the poem 离骚 l sāo - in the collection Songs of Chu
楚辞 chǔ c
 










338
Death of Shang Yang 商鞅 shāng yāng




338
 

Death of Duke Xiao of Qin 秦孝公
Qin Xiaogong













338
 
 

Birth of Queen Dowager Xuan
 宣太后 xuān ti hu
 

Queen Dowager Xuan 宣太后
xuān ti hu aka  Mi Yue 芈月
mǐ yu











335
 

Death of 杨朱Yang Zhu
 

philosopher during the early 战国
Warring States period











334



China was made up of 7 states/kingdoms
楚Chu, 韩Han, 齐Qi, 秦Qin, 魏Wei, 燕Yan
and 赵Zhao


Historians call the seven powerful states:
战国七雄
 


334
 

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Alexander the Great set out to conquer the Persian
Empire









332
 

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Alexander the Great 亚历山大大帝 y l shān d d d invaded Egypt









323
 

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Death of Alexander the Great 亚历山大大帝 y l shān d d d
Macedonian Ptolemy became satrap of Egypt 









316
 
 

Shu state 蜀 shǔ was conquered by
Qin state 秦 qn
Construction of Chengdu 成都 chng dū













314
 
 
 
 

Construction of Chaotianmen 朝天门
cho tiān mn
 
 
 
Meeting of Jialing River
嘉陵江 jiā lng jiāng and
Yangtze River 长江 chng jiāng

Chaotianmen 朝天门 cho tiān mn can be translated as
"Gate to Seeking An Audience with the Emperor"
 
 
 


314
 
 
 

Late Kaiming King's son Marquis Yaotong
ruled together with a Qin 秦国 qn gu
governor.
 













313




Birth of 荀 子Xunzi xn zǐ





philosopher, Confucian thinker

 

One of the many teachings of 荀子 Xunzi  was : "Musical
education empowers minds to reach a state of purity. With music
and rituals, people are infused with more logical, intelligent and
peaceful thoughts."










311


Official Chen Zhuang revolted and killed
Marquis Yaotong





















307
 
 

Queen Dowager Xuan 宣太后 xuān ti hu /
Mi Yue 芈月 mǐ yu became de facto ruler
for Qin state 秦国 qn gu 













305
 

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Start of the Ptolemaic Empire
Egypt under this empire









c. 300
 

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Use of chariots in Britain


























 
     

289

Death of Meng Zi 孟子 mng zǐ












286

Death of Zhuang Zi 庄子 zhuāng zi












283
 

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The Library of Alexandria was founded









280
Birth of Han Fei 韩非 hn fēi
Legalist philosopher










279
The Dian 滇 diān Kingdom was established












278

 
 

Death of Qu Yuan 屈原 qū yun 
Legend has it that he drowned in the
River Miluo 汨罗江 m lu jiāng in
Hunan 湖南 h nn.

Qu Yuan 屈原 qū yun -
statesman and poet of the
Kingdom of Chu 楚国 chǔ gu


composer of the poem 离骚 l sāo - in the collection Songs of Chu
楚 辞 chǔ c

 










270
 

End of Queen Dowager Xuan's reign
 宣太后 xuān ti hu













265
 

Death of Queen Dowager Xuan
 宣太后 xuān ti hu






















259
 
 
 

Birth of Prince Ying Zheng 嬴政 yng zhng
(
Qin Shi Huang 秦始皇 qn shǐ hung)













257
 
 

Birth of Zhao Tuo 趙佗
 
 

ZhaoTuo 趙佗
First king of Nanyue 南越
General during Qin 秦 Dynasty











256
Birth of Liu Bang 刘 邦 li bāng












256
 

Construction of Dujiangyan
都江堰 dū jiāng yn


Li Bing 李冰 lǐ bīng
- governor of Shu 蜀 shǔ

Father 李冰 lǐ bīng and Son 李二郎 lǐ rlng hydraulic engineers
深淘滩,浅做堰 shēn to tān, qiǎn zu yn
Dig deep the channels but keep the weirs (spillways) shallow.










251
 
 

Reported birth of Zhang Liang
張良 zhāng ling
 

strategist and statesman
chief counselor of

Liu Bang 刘 邦 li bāng
one of the "Three Heroes of the
early Han Dynasty"
 










247
 

Ying Zheng 嬴政 yng zhng becomes
King of Qin 秦 qn













238
 
 
 

Death of 荀 子Xun Zi
 

 

philosopher, Confucian thinker
 
 
 
One of the many teachings of 荀子 Xunzi  was : "Musical
education empowers minds to reach a state of purity. With music
and rituals, people are infused with more logical, intelligent and
peaceful thoughts."


















233
Death of Han Fei 韩非 hn fēi
Legalist philosopher










232
 

Birth of Xiang Yu 项羽 xing yǔ


(warlord of Chu -
Xiang Yu 项羽 xing yǔ)











229

 
 
 

Birth of Qin Er Shi 秦二世 qn r sh
son of

(
Qin Shi Huang 秦始皇 qn shǐ hung)






 
     


226
 


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Year the Palenque ruins have been dated back to so far
 









223
 

The state of Chu 楚国 chǔ gu overthrown
by the State of Qin 秦国 qn gu













221 Zhou End of Eastern Zhou/Warring States Period
d
     









Year Dynasty Notes 01 Key Achievements Key People
Notes 02
Elsewhere in The World

221
 
 




 
Qin


qn di
China Proper was unified and
the Qin Dynasty 秦代 qn di begins

 




 
  Qin Shi Huang
秦始皇 qn shǐ hung






Capital: Chang 'an 长安 chng'ān near  Xian 西安市 xī ān



 
 
 
 
  


    Qin Shi Huang
秦始皇 qn shǐ hung

became the First Emperor


 
forced imposition of
common system of writing
legalism
state philosophy

Lesser Seal writing
Meng Tian 蒙恬 mng tin -
General of Great Wall



 
 

     
Li Si - 李斯 lǐ sī Prime Minister /
Chancellor
 
 

     
Zhao Gao 趙高 zho gāo - eunuch  









211


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Death of Ptolemy III and the start of Ptolemy IV's reign of Egypt
 









210
 

Death of 秦始皇Qin Shi Huang
 

Qin Er Shi 秦二世 qn r sh (Hu Hai)
became the Second Emperor











209
 

大泽乡 起义Dzxiāng qǐy
Chen Sheng Wu Guang uprising


This uprising is said to have led the way for
the rise of the 汉Han Dynasty (See 206BCE)










208

Li Si's 李斯 lǐ sī  execution




208

趙高 Zhao Gao became powerful












207
 

Zi Ying 子嬰zi yīng became the third and
last Emperor of
Qin





207
 

Battle of Julu 巨鹿县 j l
 
Xiang Yu 项羽 xing yǔ 's
Chu defeated Qin army















 
The Great Wall


 
 
The Age of sculpture - high brush used in writing; beginning of literacy

   
    burning of classics

   





























206


End of Qin 秦代 qn di    

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World
BC 206


   
 
 
Han


hn di
Start of Western Han 西汉 xī hn









founder:
Liu Bang 刘 邦 li bāng
He ruled as the first Han Emperor
reign name: Han Gaozu
汉高祖刘邦 hn gāo zǔ li bāng




conflict between Xiang Yu 项羽 xing yǔ
 and Liu Bang 刘邦 li bāng
 
Western Han 206 BCE to 9 BCE with the capital
Changan 长安 chng ān





 










 



204
 
 

Start of the 南越 Nanyue Kingdom aka
Nam Viet / Southern Yue
 

ZhaoTuo 趙佗
First king of Nanyue 南越
General during Qin 秦 Dynasty
covered Guangdong广东, Guangxi广西, Hainan海南, Hong Kong香港
Macau 澳门, northern Vietnam 越南 and southern Fujian 福建
 










202
 
 
 
 
 

Strife between
Chu and Han
Death of Xiang Yu 项羽 xing yǔ
Start of the reign of
Liu Bang 刘 邦 li bāng

warlord of Chu
Xiang Yu 项羽 xing yǔ)
 
 
 
Battle of Gaixia 垓下之战 gāi xi zhī zhn
 
 
 
 


202
 

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Start of the Kingdom of Numidia 努米底亚王国
 









195
 

End of reign and the death of
Liu Bang 刘 邦 li bāng













189
 

Death of Zhang Liang 張良 zhāng ling
 

chief counselor of
Liu Bang 刘 邦 li bāng











179
 
 

Birth of Dong Zhongshu
董仲舒 dǒng zhng shū
 


Dong Zhongshu 董仲舒 dǒng zhng shū was a philosopher /
scholar / statesman - responsible for establishing / promoting
Confucianism as system of values in Western Han;
civil service examinations










175
 
 

Birth of Zhao Mo 趙昩
 


Zhao Mo 趙昩 is the grandson
of Zhao Tuo 趙佗. He is the 2nd
King of Nanyue 南越











164
 

(Est.) Birth of Zhang Qian 張騫 zhāng qiān
 

"trailblazer of the Silk Road"
 
official and diplomat , envoy who returned to China
with information about Central Asia










157
 

Birth of the Emperor Wu of Han / Han Wudi
汉武帝(漢武帝) hn wǔ d


Emperor Han Wudi 汉武帝 was born in Chang'an 长安











145

 

Birth of Sima Qian
司马迁 sī mǎ qiān
 
Shiji 史记 shǐ j
Records of
the Grand Historian
Sima Qian 司马迁 sī mǎ qiān
 
 
Read about Sima Qian 司马迁 sī mǎ qiān here.
 
 


145
 

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Battle of Antioch - Ptolemaic Egypt and Seleucid Empire (today Syria)
Victory: Ptolemaic

           


 




 



141
 

Han Wudi 汉武帝 hn wǔ d
begins his reign

Emperor Han Wudi
汉武帝 hn wǔ d
He reigned for 54 years (141BCE - 87BCE)
- considered the most glorious period of Han Dynasty 汉代 hn di


140

Jianyuan 建元 Era
Jianyuan 建元 Era (140BCE-135BCE)

140


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Simon Maccabaeus crowned king of Judea
 









138
 
 
 
 
 

張騫Zhang Qian set off to the Western
Regions (today - 新疆Xinjiang and parts of
Central Asia)

 
 

On assignment by Emperor 汉武帝
Han Wudi
 
 
 
 
His mission: Unite the 大月氏Western Regions people against the
匈奴Xiongnu/Huns whose preceding chieftain had been killed.
(The leader of the 匈奴Xiongnu/Huns (Chanyu) had further humiliated
the 大月氏Western Regions people by drinking wine from the
skull of the dead chieftain he had killed - using it as his "goblet".)











137
 
 

Start of the reign of Zhao Mo 趙昩
 
 

Zhao Mo 趙昩 is the grandson
of Zhao Tuo 趙佗. He is the 2nd
King of Nanyue 南越











134

Yuanguang 元光Era
Yuanguang 元光 Era (134BCE -129BCE)









128

Yuanshuo 元朔Era
Yuanshuo 元朔 Era (128BCE - 123BCE)









124
 
 

Death and End of the reign of Zhao Mo
趙昩
 

Zhao Mo 趙昩 is the grandson
of Zhao Tuo 趙佗. He is the 2nd
King of Nanyue 南越
His mausoleum is located in Guangzhou 广州
See the discovery of the tomb in 1983CE
 










122

Yuanshou 元狩 Era
Yuanshou 元狩 Era (122BCE - 117BCE)









116

Yuanding 元鼎 Era
Yuanding 元鼎 Era (116BCE - 111BCE)









114
Death of Zhang Qian 張騫 zhāng qiān
"trailblazer of the Silk Road"


       
 

111
 

Dunhuang 敦煌 Commandery (district
under control of a commander) established





111
Jiuquan 酒泉 founded as a military post












110

Yuanfeng 元封 Era
Yuanfeng 元封 Era (110BCE - 105BCE)









109


 

The Kingdom of Dian 滇王国
diān wng gu officially became
a vassal state of the Han Dynasty
汉代 hn di

General Guo Chang
郭昌 guō chāng

 
General Guo Chang 郭昌 guō chāng was sent by Emperor Wu
Han Wudi 汉武帝 hn wǔ d to Yunnan 云南 yn nn to set up the
the Yizhou commandery in Jinning, Dianchi county
滇池县晋宁市










106


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Birth of Pompey the Great in Rome










105
 
 

Marriage alliance between 刘细君Liu Xijun
(aka 烏孫公主 the Princess of Wusun) and
the King of Wusun

刘细君Liu Xijun was a princess of
the Han Dynasty.
 
The marriage strengthened the alliance between the Han Dynasty
and Wusun - especially to fight the 匈奴Xiongnus
 










104

Taichu 太初 Era
Taichu 太初 Era (104BCE - 101BCE)

104
 
 

Death of Dong Zhongshu
董仲舒 dǒng zhng shū













100

Tianhan 天汉 Era
Tianhan 天汉 Era (100BCE - 97BCE)









96

Taishi 太始 Era
Taishi 太始 Era (96BCE - 93BCE)









92

Zhenghe 征和 Era
Zhenghe 征和 Era (92BCE - 89BCE)









91
 
 

Sima Qian 司马迁 sī mǎ qiān
completed The Records of the Grand
Historian 史记 shǐ j

Sima Qian
司马迁 sī mǎ qiān
 











88

Houyuan 后元 Era
Houyuan 后元 Era  (88BCE - 87 BCE)









87
 

End of the reign of
Han Wudi 汉武帝 hn wǔ d













85
 
 

Death of Sima Qian
司马迁 sī mǎ qiān
 

Sima Qian 司马迁 sī mǎ qiān author
of the The Records of the Grand
Historian 史记 shǐ j












 


 









75
 

Birth of Emperor Yuan
汉元帝 hn yun d

Emperor Yuan 汉元帝 hn yun d
Reign: 48BCE - 33BCE











63


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Birth of Caesar Augustus
 









62
 

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Archaeological digs in Britain - metal coins dated to 62 BCE
 









55


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First Roman invasion of Britain (Julius Caesar)
 









54
 

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Second Roman invasion of Britain (Julius Caesar)
 









48
 

Start of Emperor 汉元帝Yuan's reign




Emperor 汉元帝Yuan applied 孔子Kongzi's teachings /
Confucianism during his reign


48
 -47

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Siege of Alexandria by Julius Caesar and the destruction/partial destruction
(burning) of the Great Library of Alexandria









44


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Julius Caesar was assassinated in Rome
 

40
 

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End of the Kingdom of Numidia 努米底亚王国
 









37


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Start of King Herod I  / Herod the Great 's reign
King of Judea









33
 

Death of Emperor 汉元帝Yuan
and end of his reign













30


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End of the Ptolemaic Kingdom; Death by suicide of Cleopatra ;
Roman conquest of Egypt








CE   
===============================================================================================================================================




















c 1st Century CE - 皇帝八十一难经The Yellow Emperor's
Classic of 81 Medical Problems was published
One of four well known classics of Traditional Chinese Medicine











 

 

Birth of Ban Biao 班彪bān biāo


 
started the Book of Han
aka Han History
汉书 hn shū
 
Father of
Ban Gu 班固 bān g
Ban Chao 班超 bān chāo
Ban Zhao 班昭 bān zhāo (daughter)
But credit for the Book of Han / Han History 汉书 hn shū
is given to Ban Biao 班彪 bān biāo 's son
Ban Gu 班固 bān g
 

CE 9   End of Western Han      

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People
Notes
Elsewhere in The World
CE 9






 
Xin


xīn cho

 
Start of Xin 新朝 xīn cho






  Wang Mang 王莽 wng mǎng

overthrew the Han Dynasty
汉代 hn di and founded the
Xin 新朝 xīn cho 


 The character 新xīn means new / fresh








9

 

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Battle of Teutoburg Forest / Varian Disaster
Alliance of Germanic tribes vs the Roman Empire
Victory: the Germanic peoples









11
 

Major floods caused by 黄河Huang He
The Yellow River













14


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Start of the reign of Tiberius Caesar Augustus
(2nd Roman Emperor)

















23 Xin End of 新朝Xin  xīn cho      

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World

25
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eastern
 Han
or
Later Han


hu hn
 
Start of Eastern Han 东汉 dōng hn
Later Han 后汉 hu hn
Luoyang 洛阳 lu yng was established
as the capital
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
    Capital:
Capital: Luoyang 洛阳 lu yng
 (in Henan 河南 h nn) in the East





 






32
 








 

Birth of Ban Gu 班固 bān g




 
Birth of Ban Chao 班超 bān chāo


 
 
completed the Book of Han
aka Han History
汉书 hn shū
started by his father
Ban Biao 班彪 bān biāo
 
renowned military man
- Western Regions /
- The Silk Road
base: Xianyang
咸阳市 xin yng sh

Xianyang prefecture level city in Shaanxi
咸阳市 xin yng sh
 










33
 

The rebellion of 公孙述Gongsun Shu 
against the (Eastern) 汉Han Dynasty


an army was raised to capture 巫县Wuxian county
in 四川Sichuan province


33
 

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Jesus was crucified
(est by scholars to be bet 30CE to 33CE)









45
 

 
 

Birth of Ban Zhao 班昭 bān zhāo
 
 

 

daughter of Ban Biao
班彪 bān biāo
sister of Ban Gu 班固 bān g and
Ban Chao 班超 bān chāo
Code of Conduct for Women

 

 










54


Death of Ban Biao 班彪bān biāo

he started the Book of Han
汉书 aka Han History




54


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Start of Nero's reign (5th Roman Emperor)









58
 
 

Birth of Xu Shen 许慎 xǔ shn

 

author of Shuowen Jiezi
说文解字 shuō wn jiě z
 
first comprehensive Chinese character dictionary
the first to use the principle of organization by sections
with shared components called radicals 部首 b shǒu


61

Birth of Cai Lun 蔡伦 - inventor of paper









 


69


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Start of the reign of Vespasian
The Coliseum was built during his reign









70
 

Major floods caused by Huang He
黄河 hung h The Yellow River





70


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The Siege of Jerusalem by the Romans
The city and the Temple Mount destroyed - thousands of Jews killed









75
 

Introduction of  Buddhism
佛 教 f jio into China









 
   

78
 
 

Birth of Zhang Heng 张衡 zhāng hng
- one of the world's first astronomers
 
developed the armillary
sphere
 
Zhang Heng 张衡 zhang hng
polymath scientist and statesman
from Nanyang 南阳 nn yng
It is reported that he applied hydraulics in the workings of an
armillary sphere
 










79



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Eruption of Vesuvius









92
 
 

Death of 班固Ban Gu
 
 
credited for completing the
Book of Han aka
Han History汉书












111
 
 


the reported year of the
completion of Hanshu
汉书 hn shū












117
 
 

Death of 班昭Ban Zhao

 
credited for completing the
Book of Han aka
Han History汉书












121


 





1st Chinese character
dictionary - Shuowen
说文解字 shuō wn jiě z
presented to Emperor An of Han
漢安帝 hn ān d
 

with about 10,000 entries
 

 
 
 
 
 
Xu Shen许慎 xǔ shn
author / compiler
 
 
 
 
 

See also:
Kang Xi (康熙 ) dictionary of the Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)
康熙字典 kāng xī z diǎn  (~ 47,000 character entries)

Zhonghua Zihai 中华字海 zhōng hu z hǎi
the most comprehensive Chinese character dictionary
(over 85 000 character entries)


121

Death of 蔡伦 - inventor of paper





121
 

Xiongnu 匈奴 xiōng n expelled by
Han 汉 hn forces













127
 

Birth of Zheng Xuan 郑玄 zhng xun
 

Confucian scholar, master of
classics, politician











139
 
 

Death of Zhang Heng 张衡 zhāng hng
- one of the world's first astronomers
 

Zhang Heng 张衡 zhang hng
polymath scientist and statesman
from Nanyang 南阳 nn yng
It is reported that he applied hydraulics in the workings of an
armillary sphere
 










140
Birth of Hua Tuo 华 陀 hu tu












150
 

Birth of 张仲景 zhāng zhng jǐng
 

Author of 金匮要略Jīn Gu Yo L
Synopsis of the Golden Chamber











155
 

Birth of Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo
(Courtesy name: Mengde 孟德)

Cao Cao 曹操 - poet, warlord,
statesman
credited for founding the Cao Wei 曹魏 kingdom
See Three Kingdoms 三国










161
Birth of Liu Bei 刘备/ 劉備 li bi












160-162
Birth of Guan Yu 关羽 guān yǔ















     

166
 

A messenger from Rome arrived at
the capital, 洛阳Luoyang

Dispatched by Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius (86CE-161CE)
Event was recorded in the 后汉书 History of the Eastern Han
Dynasty (writer: 范晔Fan Ye)










176
Birth of Emperor Liu Bian 刘辩 li bin












179
 

Birth of 司马懿Sima Yi
 

司马懿 Sima Yi - minister / warlord
of 曹魏Cao Wei state
Grandfather of 司马炎Sima Yan
 










181


Birth of Zhuge Liang 诸葛亮

Courtesy name:
孔明
Kongming




181

Birth of Emperor Xian 汉献帝

Personal name: Liu Xie 劉協





184
 
 

Yellow Turban Rebellion or
Yellow Scarves Rebellion
黄巾起义 hung jīn qǐ y













187
 

Birth of Cao Pi 曹丕
 

Cao Pi 曹丕 - first king of the
Kingdom of Cao Wei 曹魏
See Three Kingdoms 三国
 










189 
 
 

Emperor Liu Bian 刘辩 li bin
Emperor Shao 汉少帝 hn shǎo d
was deposed by 董卓 dǒng zhu

Dongzhuo 董卓 dǒng zhu
- military general and warlord
 



189
 

Start and end of the reign of
Emperor Liu Bian 刘辩 li bin





189
 

Liu Xie 劉協 li xi succeeded the
throne as Emperor Xian 汉献帝 

Last emperor of the Eastern Han
Dynasty











190
Death of Emperor Liu Bian 刘辩


poisoned by Dongzhuo 董卓 dǒng zhu









192
 

Death of 董卓 dǒng zhu - military general
and warlord













196
 
 
 

Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo
moved capital from
Luoyang 洛阳 lu yng to
Xuchang 许昌 xǔ chāng

Emperor Xian 汉献帝 hn xin d
 
 
 
Xuchang 许昌 xǔ chāng  was Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo 
defacto capital during Eastern Han 东汉王朝 dōng hn
 
 










200

Battle of Baima 白马之战

Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo vs
YuanShao袁绍
Guan Yu (with Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo ) killed Yan Liang 颜良
(military general of
YuanShao袁 绍)


200
 

Battle of Guandu 官渡之战
 

Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo vs
YuanShao袁绍
Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo was victorious
  


200
 

Death of Zheng Xuan 郑玄 zhng xun
 

Death of Zheng Xuan 郑玄
zhng xun











202


Death of YuanShao袁绍
 
Battle of Guandu
官渡之战












205
 

End of Yellow Turban Rebellion
黄巾起义 hung jīn qǐ y













207


Birth of Liu Shan 刘禅


Liu Shan 刘禅 - son of
Liu Bei 刘备 li bi
Second and Last Emperor of Shu Han 蜀汉











208
  -209


Winter of 208-209
Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo lost the
Battle of Red Cliffs
赤壁之战 ch b zhī zhn

Sun Quan 孙权 sūn qun
Emperor of Eastern Wu

Liu Bei 刘备 li bi
Sun Quan 孙权



















211
 

Birth of Sima Zhao
司马昭 sī mǎ zhāo










 

212-
214

Campaign to take over Yi Province /
Yi Zhou 益州 (益州之战)
by Liu Bei 刘备

Liu Bei 刘备 - First Emperor of
Shu Han 蜀汉
Today, Yi Province / Yi Zhou 益州 covers Sichuan 四川 and
Chongqing 重庆










217-
219

Hangzhong Campaign 汉中之战

Liu Bei 刘备 took control
of Hanzhong 汉中
Liu Bei 刘备 vs Cao Cao 曹操

Hanzhong 汉中is located in the Province of Shaanxi 陕西











219
 

Death of 张仲景 zhāng zhng jǐng


Author of 金匮要略Jīn Gu Yo L
Synopsis of the Golden Chamber











220
 
E. Han
 
End of Eastern Han 东汉王朝 dōng hn
 
     

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World

220





 
 Three
Kingdoms


sān gu
Three Kingdoms 三国sān gu







 
     




  220-265   Wei 魏 wi
the Wei 魏wi state
of the Three-Kingdoms Period
三国 sān gu
founded by
Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo
Cao Wei 曹魏 co wi - regarded as
the most powerful of the Three Kingdoms
三国 sān gu

Cao Pi 曹丕 co pī
Emperor of Cao Wei 曹魏 co wi
(calligrapher)
ruled as Emperor Wen
魏文帝 wi wn d
Sima Zhao
司马昭 sī mǎ zhāo
military general and statesman
of Cao Wei 曹魏 co wi
 

















    221-263   Shu
蜀汉 shǔ hn
 
  founded by Liu Bei
刘备 li bi

 









    229-280   Wu 吴 w
 
  Wu 吴 w 's famous king Sun Quan
孙权 sūn qun
 









220
 

End of the reign of Emperor Xian 汉献帝 of
Eastern Han Dynasty

Last and 14th Emperor of
the Eastern Han Dynasty



220

Death of Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo




220


Cao Pi succeeded Cao Cao 曹 操 co cāo and forced Emperor Xian to abdicate





220

State of Cao Wei 魏 was formed


Capital - Xuchang 许昌 in central Henan 河南 province


220
 

Death of Guan Yu 关羽 guān yǔ
 

Guan Yu 关 羽 was made a deity
during the Sui Dynasty 隋朝




220
 

Cao Pi 曹丕 named Sun Quan 孙权 the
King of Wu 吴王













221
Shu Han state was established

Capital - Chengdu 程度

221
 

Liu Bei 刘备 became Emperor of
Shu Han
蜀汉





221
 
 

Death of Zhang Fei 张飞
 
 

Zhang Fei 张飞 - a military
commander serving under Liu Bei
刘备











223
 


The Yellow Crane Tower 黄鹤楼 was first
constructed.
 


The Yellow Crane Tower 黄鹤楼 is located in today's City of Wuhan
武汉, the capital of the Hubei 湖北 Province. The tower was
damaged many times throughout history and was rebuilt in 1985.


223



Death of Liu Bei 刘备/劉備 li bi
End of Liu Bei 刘备's reign as
Emperor Shu Han





223
 

Liu Shan 刘禅 became King/Emperor of
the Shu Han 蜀汉













226
 

Luoyang 洛阳became Cao Wei 曹魏's
capital













229
 



Sun Quan 孙权 sūn qun moved
his capital to Jianye 建业 jin y
 
 

Wu 吴 w 's famous king Sun Quan
孙权 sūn qun
 
 
Jianye 建业 jin y would later become (today's) Nanjing 南京 nn jīng
the capital of the province of Jiangsu 江苏 jiāng sū. The name
Jianye
建业 jin y
embodies "建功立业" - making great accomplishments
and attaining respectable goal
s.










232

Birth of 张华Zhang Hua

西晋 Western Jin poet and writer
politician










233
 
 

Birth of 陈寿Chen Shou
 
 

西晋 Western Jin historian who
compiled the History of the Three
Kingdoms 三国志











234

Death of Zhuge Liang 诸葛亮













236
 
 

Birth of 司马炎Sima Yan
 
 

司马炎 Sima Yan was the founding
emperor of 晋Jin Dynasty and the
grandson of Sima Yi











251
 

Death of 司马懿Sima Yi
 

司马懿 Sima Yi - minister / warlord
of 曹魏Cao Wei state











259
 

Birth of 司马衷Sima Zhong
 

Second emperor of 晋Jin Dynasty &
the son of
司马炎 Sima Yan











263
 

Shu and its capital Chengdu 成都
conquered by Wei 魏 armies

Deng Ai
Zhong Hui











-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Elsewhere in The World

Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes

265


 
 

 
 Western
Jin
西

xī jn
Start of Western Jin 西晋 xī jn

  

 
 
 
 
  Death of Sima Zhao
司马昭 sī mǎ zhāo
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital: Luoyang 洛阳






 


266

Start of the reign of Emperor Wu 晋武帝
Sima Yan 司马炎 First emperor










271
 

Death of Liu Shan 刘禅
 

Second and last emperor of
蜀汉
Shu Han






     

280
 

End of State of Wu 吴国 and also
the Three Kingdoms 三国 sān gu

Last emperor of Eastern Wu
was Sun Hao 孫皓











283
 
 

Birth of Ge Hong 葛洪 g hng
 
 

Ge Hong 葛洪 g hng
Daoist, alchemist, writer
originator of First Aid in TCM
Author of Baopuzi 抱朴子 bo pǔ zǐ - which is a collection of essays
covering topics on immortality, alchemy, legalism and society
 










289
 

Production of the 三国志History of the
Three Kingdoms

Work credited to 陈寿Chen Shou
 











290
 

End of the reign and death of Emperor Wu
晋武帝/Sima Yan 司马炎

First emperor of 晋Jin
 



290
 

Start of the reign of 司马衷 Sima Zhong
 

Second emperor of 晋Jin and the
son of 司马炎Sima Yan











297
 
 

Death of 陈寿Chen Shou
 
 

西晋 Western Jin historian who
compiled the History of the Three
Kingdoms 三国志











300
Death of 张华Zhang Hua
Western Jin poet and writer politician









301
Death of 司马伦Sima Lun
Son of Emperor 司马懿Sima Yi Military general and 琅琊郡王King of Langya county

301


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Armenia became the first Christian country in the world









303
 
 

Birth of Wang Xizhi 王羲之
 


Wang Xizhi 王羲之
Eastern Jin Dynasty 东晋
minister
calligrapher and writer

 










304
 

Start of Sixteen Kingdoms
十六国 sh li gu













307
 

Death and end of reign of 司马衷
Sima Zhong 

Second emperor of 晋Jin and the
son of 司马炎Sima Yan











311
 

Yongjia Rebellion / Disaster of Yongjia
永嘉之乱yǒng jiā zhī lun


The capital Luoyang 洛阳 was sacked by captured by the Xiongnu 匈奴
and other groups










313
 
 

The 吐谷渾Tǔyhn Khanate/Kingdom
was established
 


The Kingdom has been described as proto Mongol-speaking nomadic
鲜卑people in the Northwest (祁连山Qilian Moutains/青海Qinghai)
region










316   End of Western Jin 西晋 xī jn      









Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World

317

 
 
 


dōng jn
Start of 东晋Eastern Jin



 
 
    Capital: Jianye 建业 or Jiangkang 健康
建业 jin y would later become (today's) Nanjing 南京 nn jīng
the capital of the province of Jiangsu 江苏 jiāng sū.

 










337

Start of 前燕Former Yan













341

Birth of 司马丕Sima Pi
the 6th emperor of 东晋Eastern Jin











351

Start of 前 秦Former Qin













353


Mogao Grottoes 莫高窟 constructed -
according to some reports













361

Start of the reign of 司马丕Sima Pi
the 6th emperor of 东 晋Eastern Jin


361
 
 

Death of Wang Xizhi 王羲之

 

Wang Xizhi 王羲之
Eastern Jin Dynasty 东晋
minister
Calligrapher and writer
 











363
 
 

Death of Ge Hong 葛洪 g hng
 
 

Ge Hong 葛洪 g hng
Daoist, alchemist, writer
originator of First Aid in TCM
Author of Baopuzi 抱朴子 bo pǔ zǐ - which is a collection of essays
covering topics on immortality, alchemy, legalism and society
 


363


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Earthquake at Petra









365

Death and end of reign of 司马丕Sima Pi
the 6th emperor of 东晋Eastern Jin


365
 

Start of the reign of 司马奕Sima Yi
Emperor Fei of Jin晋废帝 jn fi d

the 7th emperor of 东 晋Eastern Jin




365
 

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Crete Earthquake - hit the port city of Alexandria
 









366
 
 

Monk Lezun opened a cave at Mogao
莫高 and Monk Faliang opened another
next to it













370

End of 前燕Former Yan












372
End of the reign of 司马奕Sima Yi
the 7th emperor of 东 晋Eastern Jin










375


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The Huns attacked and devastated Europe
Birth of Alaric I - first King of the Visigoths









376
 

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in other parts of the world



The Visigoths crossed the Danube
escaping the Huns

















383
Battle of Fei River 淝水之战

Former Qin against Eastern Jin Dynasty









384
 

Start of 后 秦Later Qin
 


Construction of Maijishan Grottoes 麦积山石窟 began during
the Later Qin 后秦 period


384

Start of 后燕Later Yan













386

Death of 司马奕Sima Yi
the 7th emperor of 东 晋Eastern Jin


386
 

Start of 北魏 běi wiNorthern Wei
 


During this time, the Ballad of Hua Mulan 花木兰 huā m ln
was written.


386
 

Birth of 沮 渠蒙逊Juqu Mengxun
 

king of the Xiongnu state
Northern Liang 北凉











394
End of Former Qin 前秦












395


参合陂之战cānh bēi zhī zhn
Battle of Canhe Slope
北魏Northern Wei
后燕Later Yan

Victory: 北魏Northern Wei
 


395


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Massive attacks by the Huns on the Eastern Roman Empire
In India, King Rudrasimha III defeated by the Gupta Empire









397

Start of 北 凉Northern Liang













397

Start of 南凉Southern Liang













398
 

Birth of 范晔Fan Ye
 

historian from 南朝宋Song of
the Southern Dynasties
writer of 后汉书 History of Eastern Han
 










407

End of 后燕Later Yan





407
Start of Xia Kingdom 夏王国 xi wng gu


founded by the Huns 匈奴 xiōng n

















410


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The Visigoths led by King Alaric captured and sacked Rome









414

End of 南凉Southern Liang












417
 

End of Later Qin 后秦
 


Construction of Maijishan Grottoes 麦积山石窟 began during
the Later Qin 后秦 period










419
 
 

The capital of Xia Kingdom 夏王国
xi wng gu ,
Tongwen City
統萬城 tǒng wn chn was built


Location: Jingbian 靖边 jng biān County in Shaanxi 陕西 shǎn xī
 
 










420




Start of the Mogao Caves 莫高窟 of the Early Period 420CE - 581CE


420

Start of the Western Liang 西凉













420
End of Eastern Jin 东晋 dōng jn      









Year
Dynasty
Main Events
Key Achievements
Key People
Notes
Elsewhere in The World









420
 

Start of Northern and Southern Dynasties
南北朝 nn běi cho





















420
 
 

Start of 南朝宋 Southern Song
aka 刘宋Liu Song
 

刘裕 Liu Yu founding emperor
statesman and militarist
- 宋武帝Emperor Wu of Song

First of the four Southern Dynasties
 
 


421
 

Fall of the Western Liang 西凉 to Northern
Liang 北凉













422
 

Death of 刘裕 Liu Yu
- 宋武帝Emperor Wu of Song

founding emperor
statesman and militarist











430
 
Northern
Liang 北凉
Year that surviving earliest caves in Mogao
Grottoes 莫高窟 that is traced back to


Caves 268, 272 and 275 are examples of Northern Liang 北凉
caves in the Mogao Grottoes 莫高窟










432
End of Xia Kingdom 王 国 xi wng gu












439
 

End of Sixteen Kingdoms
十六国 sh li gu





439
 

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The second city of the Roman Empire, Carthage
in Africa was captured by the Vandals led by King Genseric









445
 

Death of 范晔Fan Ye
 

historian from 南朝宋Song of
the Southern Dynasties
writer of 后汉书 History of Eastern Han
 










451


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Battle of the Catalaunian Plains - between the Romans and the Huns led by Attila

















460

End of Northern Liang 北凉













476
 

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Fall of the western Roman Emprire









479

End of 南朝宋 Southern Song







aka 刘宋Liu Song













486
 
 
 

building of canals started which were
expanded to become the Grand Canal 
大运河 d yn h during the Sui Dynasty
su













493
 
 
 

Traced start of Longmen Grottoes
龙门石窟 lng mn sh kū
in Luoyang 洛阳市 lu yng sh
Henan河南 h nn

Emperor Xiaowen
北魏孝文帝 běi wi xio wn d

 











495
 

Construction of the Shaolin temple
少林 sho ln


Northern Wei Dynasty 北魏 běi wi
 










502

Start of Southern Liang 南朝梁













503
 

Birth of 陈武帝陈霸先 Chen Wudi /
Chen Baxian

First emperor of the 南朝陈 Chen
of the Southern Dynasties











526
 

Birth of 齐文宣帝高洋 Qi Wenxuan,
Emperor Gaoyang

First emperor of the 北齐Northern Qi
 











530
 
 

Birth of 李 德林Li Delin
 
 

李德林 lǐ d ln -
historian of Northern Wei
and Sui dynasty











533


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Battle of Carthage Byzantine vs Vandals
 - Victory: Byzantine (Romans)









534
End of Northern Wei Empire 北魏





















535
Start of Western Wei 西魏












541

Birth of 杨坚Yang Jian

隋文帝 Emperor Wen of Sui First emperor of 随Sui


541
 

Birth of Sun Simiao 孙思邈
 

Doctor and herbalist; also credited
for inventing gunpowder
writer of 千金要方 Prescriptions Worth A Thousand in Gold
Tang Compendium of herbal medicine


541
 

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Plague of Justinian in the Byzantine Empire starts









550



Start of 北齐Northern Qi 



First Emperor
齐文宣帝高洋 Qi Wenxuan
Emperor Gaoyang











557
End of 西魏Western Wei




557
End of 南朝梁Southern Liang





557

Start of 北周Northern Zhou





557
 

Start of 南朝陈 Chen of the Southern
Dynasties

陈武帝 陈霸先 Chen Wudi/
Chen Baxian was the first Emperor











559
 

Death of 陈武帝陈霸先 Chen Wudi/
Chen Baxian

First emperor of the 南朝陈 Chen
of the Southern Dynasties



559
 

Death of 齐文宣帝高洋 Qi Wenxuan,
Emperor Gaoyang

First emperor of 北齐Northern Qi












566
 
 

Birth of Li Yuan 李渊 lǐ yuān
 


later to be the Tang 唐 Emperor
Tang Gaozu 唐 高祖 tng gāo zǔ-
in 618 CE  
This would make Emperor Tang Gaozu 唐 高祖 tng gāo zǔ 52 years old when he ascended the throne











571
 


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Birth of the Prophet Muhammad









577

End of 北齐Northern Qi













581

End of Northern Zhou 北周












589
 

End of 南朝陈 Chen of the Southern
Dynasties





588
589
  End of Northern and Southern Dynasties
南北朝 nn běi cho
 
    Some historians consider the Northern and Southern Dynasties
南北朝 nn běi cho as the latter part of the longer
Six Dynasties 六朝 li cho (220 CE - 589 CE)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






Year Dynasty Main Events Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World









581


 
 Sui

su
Start of Sui Dynasty 隋朝 su cho
Start of the reign of Emperor Wen
隋文帝/杨坚Yang Jian



  First Emperor of Sui Dynasty
Emperor Wen隋文帝/
杨坚Yang Jian

 

capital: Chang'an 长安 chng ān
Great project of extending the canal system
linking the North China plain to
Changjiang River Valley

 








 
 





587
 
 
 

Emperor Wen/杨坚Yang Jian formally
established a subject-based examination
system to replace the 九品中正制
nine grade Zhongzheng system





























590
Death of Li Delin 李德林 lǐ d ln












598

Birth of 唐 太宗Tang Taizong

Personal name: 李世民Li Shimin
Second Emperor of Tang 唐 Dynasty


598
 
 

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Historians opined that Chenla and Funan were unified
(by Bhavavarman) by this year and this would eventually
lead to the beginning of the Khmer Empire in 802CE









602
 

Birth of 玄奘Xuanzang
 

Buddhist monk, traveler,translator
of scriptures











604
 

Death and end of the reign of Emperor Wen
隋文帝/杨坚Yang Jian

First emperor of 隋Sui



604
 

Start of the reign of Emperor Yang
/ Emperor Yang Guang 杨广


During his reign the Grand Canal was dredged and the capital in
the east, Luoyang 洛阳 was built










609



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The Quran was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad









617
 

Battle of Huoyi 霍邑之战
 

Li Yuan 李渊 lǐ yuān against the
Sui 隋 army



617
 

Start of the reign of Emperor Gong of Sui
隋恭帝 su gōng d

Personal name:
Yang You 楊侑 yng yu











618
 
 
  End of the reign of Emperor Gong of Sui
隋恭帝 su gōng d

End of the Sui Dynasty 隋朝 su cho
     

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------







Year Dynasty Main Event(s) Key Achievements Key People Notes Elsewhere in The World









618
 

 
Tang

tng di






618



Start of Tang Dynasty
唐代 tng di
 

Tang Gaozu  唐高祖 tng gāo zǔ
First Emperor of Tang
唐高祖 tng gāo zǔ
capital: Chang'an 长安 chng ān
 



618
 

Death of Emperor Yang Guang 杨广
Emperor Yang of Sui

Emperor Yang Guang 杨广












621
 

Birth of Li Tian 李畋 - Father of Fireworks
花炮祖师













622
 
 





 
 
The Prophet Muhammad and his followers migrated from Mecca to
Medina. --> Hijra
Islamic New Year









624
 

Birth of Wu Zetian 武 则天 wǔ z tiān 




624
 

Birth of 慕容诺曷钵Mrng nu h bō
 

The last Khan of the 吐谷渾Tǔyhn
Khanate/Kingdom











625
 

Birth of Princess Wencheng 文成公主
 

She was betrothed to the Tibetan
King Songtsen Gampo











626
 

End of Emperor Tang Gaozu's reign
Tang Gaozu  唐高祖 tng gāo zǔ





626


  



Xuanwu Gate Incident
玄武门之变 xun wǔ mn zhī bin
Start of the reign of
Emperor 唐太宗Tang Taizong 



Li Shimin 李世民 lǐ sh mn
became the second Tang 唐 tng
emperor and reigned as
Emperor Taizong
唐太宗 tng ti zōng

Li Shimin 李世民 lǐ sh mn
- second son of
Tang Gaozu  唐高祖 tng gāo zǔ
 - assassinated his brothers, staging a "gate coup"

 
 


627
 

玄奘 Xuanzang embarked on a journey to
 India seeking the 真经Sutra scriptures

Buddhist monk, traveler,translator
of scriptures
On his return to 长安Chang'an he brought with him 657
scriptures written in Sanskrit.










628
 

Birth of of Emperor 唐高宗Tang
Gaozong

Personal name: Li Zhi 李治
3rd 唐Tang Emperor
His regent was Emperor 武则天Wu Zetian
 


630
 
 
 
 


Birth of Di Renjie 狄仁杰
 
 
 
 


Di Renjie was and official of the
Tang 唐 Dynasty and chancellor
during the reign of 
Wu Zetian 武 则天











632
 


please scroll to the right to see what
happened in other parts of the world



The Prophet Muhammad died









635
 

Death of Emperor Tang Gaozu
唐高祖 tng gāo zǔ





635
 
 

慕容诺 曷钵Mrng nu h bō of the
吐谷渾Tǔyhn Kingdom became
Khan

慕容诺 曷钵Mrng nu h bō
also had the Tang Dynasty noble 
title of the
青 海王Prince of Qinghai
General 侯君集Hou Junji and his troops were dispatched by
Emperor 唐太宗Tang Taizong to help in the governance of
吐谷渾Tǔyhn


635
 
 


Arrival of Olopen, an archbishop, and his
retinue in Chang'an 长安
 
 

Olopen and his followers called
themselves "Nestorians" after their
leader Nestorius who founded
the branch of Christianity
Nestorianism
They were welcomed by Chancellor Fang Xuanling 房玄龄
(appointed by Emperor Taizong 唐太宗), provided an imperial
library for scripture translation and funds to build a church.
 
 










637
The construction of the Potala Palace
Songtsen Gampo










639


please scroll to the right to see what
happened in other parts of the world




Muslim conquest of Egypt 639 - 646 CE









640
 
 
 

弘化公 主Princess Honghua became
Queen of
the 吐谷渾Tǔyhn Khanate/
Kingdom
when she married 慕容诺曷钵
Mrng nu h bō

弘化公 主Princess Honghua was
reputed to be beautiful and
dignified
 











641
 

King Songtsen Gampo married Princess
Wencheng 文成公主













645
 

Battle between Tang and Goguryeo for
Ansi City (a major city of the Goguryeo)

Army sent by Emperor Taizong
唐太宗 tng ti zōng



645-
646

玄奘 Xuanzang returned from India with
657 pieces of Buddhist scriptures


The Buddhist scriptures were in Sanskrit
 







 

649
 

Death and end of reign of Emperor 唐太宗
Tang Taizong

Personal name: 李 世民Li Shimin

Second Emperor of the Tang Dynasty
唐朝第二位皇帝


649
 
 

Start of the reign of Emperor 唐高宗Tang
Gaozong


Personal name: 李 治Li Zhi

Third Emperor of the Tang Dynasty
Regent:
Wu Zetian 武 则天 










650
 

Recorded earliest date of
Dazu Rock carvings 大足石刻 d z sh k













652

 

金明县 主Lady Jinming married 闼卢摸末
T l mō m of the 吐谷渾Tǔyhn
Khanate/Kingdom













663
 (-670)
 

The 吐谷渾Tǔyhn Khanate/Kingdom
ended
 


The Kingdom has been described as proto Mongol-speaking nomadic
鲜卑people in the Northwest (祁连山Qilian Moutains/青海Qinghai)
region










665
 

Ansi City (a major city of the Goguryeo)
was captured by the Tang 唐













673
 
 
 

Birth of Zhang Jiuling 张九龄 zhāng jiǔ lng
 
 
 

Zhang Jiuling 张九龄 zhāng jiǔ lng
Tang poet featured in the
Three Hundred Tang Poems
唐诗三百首 tng shī sān bǎi shǒu
One of the poems he wrote was
"望月怀远 wng yu hui yuǎn"
 
 










680
 

Death of Princess Wencheng 文成公主
 

She was betrothed to the Tibetan
King Songtsen Gampo











682


Death of Sun Simiao 孙思邈


Doctor and herbalist - also credited
for creating gunpowder
writer of 千金要方 Prescriptions Worth A Thousand in Gold
Tang Compendium of herbal medicine










683
 

Death and end of reign of Emperor Tang
Gaozong 唐高宗

Personal name: Li Zhi 李治
 
The third Tang 唐 Emperor
 










685
 

Birth of Emperor (Tang) Xuanzong
唐玄宗 tng xun zōng

Xuanzong 唐玄宗 tng xun zōng
was the 7th Tang Emperor











688
 

Birth of 鉴真Jin zhēn
 

鉴真 Jin zhēn was one of the
renowned 唐Tang monks



688
 

Death of 慕容诺曷钵Mrng nu h bō
 

The last Khan of the 吐谷渾
Tǔyhn Khanate/Kingdom











690
 

The beginning of the reign of
Wu Zetian 武 则天

Emperor Regent Wu Zetian
武 则天











692
 

A trial system for appointing officials
试官制度 was instituted


This took place in the first year of the reign of 武则天Wu Zetian/武周
- 武周长寿元年










 














700
 
 
 


Death of Di Renjie 狄仁杰
 
 
 
 

Di Renjie was and official of the
Tang 唐 Dynasty and chancellor
during the reign of
Wu Zetian 武 则天











701
Birth of Li Bai 李白 lǐ bi



Start of the Viking Age

701

Birth of Wang Wei 王维 wng wi
one of the "Four Great Tang Poets"










703
Birth of An Lushan 安禄山 ān l shān












705
 
 

The death and end of the reign of
Wu Zetian 武 则天 





705

 
 

The start of the reign of
Tang Zhongzong 唐中宗
tng zhōng zōng the fourth
Tang Emperor













712
Birth of poet, Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ
Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ reputed poet










713
 

The start of the reign of Emperor (Tang)
Xuanzong 唐玄宗 tng xun zōng













719
 

Birth of Yang Yuhuan 杨 玉环 yng y hun
aka Yang Guifei 楊貴妃
yng gu fēi
consort / lover of Emperor
Xuanzong 玄 宗 xun zōng










735
 
 

Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ took the Imperial
Examination 科举考试 kē jǔ kǎo sh
and failed













738
 

The 南诏国Nanzhao Kingdom was
founded


Parts of 云南Yunnan today
 










740
 

 

Death of Zhang Jiuling 张九龄 zhāng jiǔ lng
 
 
 

Zhang Jiuling 张九龄 zhāng jiǔ lng
Tang poet featured in
Three Hundred Tang Poems
唐 诗三百首 tng shī sān bǎi shǒu
One of the many famous poems he wrote was
" 望月怀远 wng yu hui yuǎn"

 










744
 

Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ met Li Bai 李白 lǐ bi
for the first time













745
 

Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ met Li Bai 李白 lǐ bi
for the second time













746
 

Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ moved to the capital
Changan 长安 Chng'ān













747
 

杜甫Dufu  took the civil service exam
for the second time and failed


apparently the prime minister failed all the candidates
 


747
 


黄山 Huang Shan was given its name
in respect and recognition of the
黄帝Yellow Emperor













753
 

鉴真 Jin zhēn crossed the sea in his
voyage to 日本Japan

鉴真 Jin zhēn - on the renowned
唐Tang monks











754
 

Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ developed respiratory
problems





754

Birth of 异牟寻Yi Mouxun
the sixth king of Nanzhao











755
 

An-Shi Rebellion 安史之乱 ān shǐ zhī lun
 

An Lushan 安禄山 ān l shān
Shi Siming 史思明 shǐ sī mng
started in Fanyang - commercial hub and military garrison
 










 






756
 
 
 

Emperor (Tang) Xuanzong
唐玄宗 tng xun zōng escaped to Sichuan
四川 s chuān and abdicated his throne to
Li Yu

Emperor (Tang) Xuanzong
唐玄宗 tng xun zōng - the 7th
Tang Emperor
 



756
 

Death of Yang Yuhuan 杨 玉环 yng y hun
consort / lover of Emperor
Xuanzong 玄宗 xun zōng
 











757

Death of An Lushan 安禄山 ān l shān




757
 

Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ and wife had their
fifth child













759
 
 

Death of Wang Wei 王维 wng wi
 
 
Wang Wei 王维 wng wi
one of the "Four Great
Tang Poets"




759
 
 
 
 
 

Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ traveled to Chengdu
成都 chng dū

 
 
 

A poem Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ
wrote about Chengdu was

春 夜喜雨 chūn y xǐ yǔ





761

Birth of Emperor Shunzong 唐顺宗

Personal name Li Song 李诵











762
 

Death of Emperor (Tang) Xuanzong
唐玄宗 tng xun zōng





762
Death of Li Bai 李白 lǐ bi

Li Bai 李白 lǐ bi was said to have drowned










763
 

End of the An-Shi Rebellion
安史之乱 ān shǐ zhī lun





763
 

Death of 鉴真Jin zhēn
 

鉴真 Jin zhēn - one of the renowned
唐Tang monks











765
 

Dufu 杜甫 d fǔ and family sailed down
Yangtze River